Death is that part of our lives that is inevitable. It does not matter how high on a pedestal you stand; this is something that will eventually happen to you. Not the funny thing about death is you have no idea how it will happen to you. It is the most gruesome thing, while for others, it is just equal to a slight tap on the wrist. And to decide that is not in your hands at all.
You cannot prepare yourselves; you can pray that whatever happens, it does not cost you, your family, and loved ones a lot—causes of death range from diseases to accidents, from suicides to natural causes. Today we are counting our picks for the top 10 reasons for deaths in the world.
Dive in through the whole article to know about the causes from most to least favorable and take a few measures to curb it in advance.
The total reported deaths worldwide are about 56.9 million everywhere, from which diseases and strokes are the biggest murderers. Let us now see in detail all the causes of death:
- Cardiovascular disease is the most common reason and causes the highest number of deaths worldwide.
- The total percentage of death tolls due to cardiovascular diseases stand high at 31% and kill more than 16.9 million people worldwide.
- Out of all the CVDs, 85 percent of the deaths were constituted by heart attacks and strokes.
- Almost three-quarters of cardiovascular diseases take place in countries with low or middle income.
- Most cardiovascular diseases can be prevented by early detection, but this is why 31% of the population lose their lives.
- The primary cause of cardiovascular disease is an unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, diabetes, and hypertension.
#2: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease:
- These are a group of lung diseases that block the airflow causing difficulty in breathing. Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are the diseases which make up a significant part of Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases.
- The Global Burden of Disease study reports that there are 250 million active cases, and 5% of the global deaths are COPD deaths.
- The estimated death count is 3.19 million by the year 2019, and 90% of the deaths occur in low or middle-income countries.
- The most common physical symptoms of the disease in the final stage include breathing problems, fever, and a rapid heart rate increase.
- There is no cure for COPD, and people are dying every day at alarming rates due to this disease.
#3: Lung cancer (trachea and bronchus cancers included):
- Lung cancer has caused about 1.7 million deaths worldwide and stands at position 3 in the top causes of deaths.
- The survival rate of lung cancer for five years for all people is almost 5%.
- The survival rate for men is 16%, whereas the survival rate for women is 23%.
- Lung cancer is the deadliest of all cancers killing the majority of people. The deaths from lung cancer comprise 25% of all cancer deaths. It surpassed breast cancer to be the leading cause of cancer deaths in women.
- The fatality rate of lung cancer was on peak in 2005 with more than 100,000 deaths in a single month, since then it has been on a decline but still not enough to fall out of the top reasons that cause death.
- The reason that causes death the most in the fourth position stands with diabetes.
- Diabetes has killed almost 1.9 million in 2019 and a little less than 1 million marks in 2000.
- Not surprisingly, India will be home to about 109 million diabetic people by 2035, reports suggest.
- Goa has the highest number of diabetes prevalence in India, and also, out of the total, 15.9% of people have type 2 diabetes.
- Most people with type 1 diabetes die from further complications such as kidney failure or heart strokes.
- China is the country with the highest number of diabetic patients globally, with 116 million people from china alone.
- The ADA report stated that Americans die more due to diabetes than they do because of AIDS.
- To those of you who have no clue about dementia, let us clear it up for you. Dementia is closely related to memory loss, loss of puzzle solving skills, and the loss of the brain’s ability to process signals. Alzheimer’s disease has been found to be the root cause of dementia.
- Due to dementia, deaths have almost doubled in the last decade, making it the fifth most cause of deaths in the world.
- They had doubled from the year 2000 to 2019 when it caused about a million deaths,
- Age plays a significant role in dementia. It also caused the death rate of 66.69 in every 10000 people and occurred most commonly in people aged above 65.
- The actual death of a person due to dementia may occur due to any other secondary cause where the body can no longer cope with a foreign particle. In the most straightforward cases, a person who has dementia can die due to acute pneumonia.
#6: Lower Respiratory infections:
- Lower respiratory infections include bronchitis and tuberculosis, along with pneumonia.
- The exact figure for the fatality rate due to lower respiratory infections is quite huge. Still, to express it in on dimension, it can be taken as 4 million deaths per year are caused due to this disease alone.
- Lower respiratory infections constitute a significant death toll in children below five years of age. Most of them are caused due to acute pneumonia.
- Recovery time for a lower respiratory tract disease depends on the age of the person. Children can recover as soon as in a week, whereas some adults may take up to several weeks to fully recover.
- HIV/AIDS once considered the epitome of destruction and deaths, HIV/AIDS has slipped from its throne to the seventh rank.
- HIV/AIDS caused 1.5 million deaths in 2000, but until and up to 2019, the death toll has decreased to 1 million.
- Now, about 1 million people die of AIDS each year. Everyone who is suffering from HIV does not necessarily mean AIDS. But everyone who has AIDS has HIV.
- It is one of the world’s fatal diseases and especially had a significant impact in the sub-Saharan region in South Africa, taking several deaths. Also, a number of lives were lost during the HIV/AIDS pandemic when it was at a peak in the year 2004-2005.
#8: Road Traffic Injuries:
- This is one of the top reasons that cause death. Approximately 1.35 million people die each year due to road crashes.
- Road crash cost more than 3% of the total domestic production of the countries.
- Mor than half of the victims are vulnerable road users, which include motorcyclists, pedestrians, cyclists.
- Romania, Bulgaria, and Poland recorded the highest fatality of road crashes, whereas Sweden and Ireland reported the least number of road crash deaths.
- Additionally, 20-25 million people suffer from non-fatal injury, often resulting in long term disabilities.
#9: Diarrhoeal disease:
- Deaths due to diarrhoeal diseases are one of the major death-causing reasons.
- Though the number of deaths due to diarrhea has decreased significantly in the past few years from 2000, it still caused 1.4 million deaths.
- Every year diarrhea kills 525,000 children, every 1 in 9 children, who can be saved if given adequate water, but we fail to do so.
- Globally there are nearly 1.7 billion cases of childhood diarrhea every year, and we are still unable to curb it.
- The global mortality stands at 3.3 million per year.
#10: Suicide, violence, and self-harm:
- On a global scale, as many as 80,000 people die of suicide every year.
- One of the leading causes of death in the world, the suicide rate is as high as 1.4% of the total deaths are caused by suicide, and in other countries, the figures go high as 5%.
- About 79% of global suicide occurs in the nations that are developing or underdeveloped, basically in countries with low or middle income.
- Suicides are often caused by guilt, depression, or severe pressure on the individual, reports suggest.
- The number for suicide is twice that the number for homicide.
- The countries with the highest suicide rate include Lithuania, Russia, Guyana, and South Korea.
- The suicide death rate is much higher for men in some countries rather than women.
- Seeking medical help, talking to near and dear ones can prevent an individual from taking such a drastic measure.
These were the picks for the top 10 death-causing reasons worldwide. However, except for the above-mentioned list, the cause of deaths differ from country to country. Here is a brief report on them.
Most death-causing reasons in the United States of America include:
- Heart disease
- Unintentional injuries
- Chronic lower respiratory diseases
- Stroke and cerebrovascular diseases
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Influenza and pneumonia
Most death-causing reasons in China include:
- malignant neoplasm,
- Cerebrovascular disease
- Heart disease
- Accidental injury
Most death-causing reasons in Russia:
- Alcohol consumption
The cause for the total number of deaths also varies according to the low income and middle-income countries. To wrap up everything, we noticed that heart strokes and heart disease took up the major share in the highest death rate, followed by diabetes and Alzheimer’s disease. The death rate has been rapidly increasing due to a number of reasons, and now we have coronavirus to deal with wiping of masses at a single time.