An open-source database is that which is available for everybody to download and make some changes accordingly. The word open source itself means that in any field if computer science is it any programming language, software, or database the source code or the original code in which the whole method is written can be downloaded by anyone without having to pay even a single penny and can make the changes to his function the way he desires. Open source code is nothing similar to a proprietary source code in which the data is protected so that it may not be copied and the following does have copyright issues. So people generally prefer downloading an open-source code file.
Before we jump into all the tiny little information about database website hosting, let us first head up towards what is a database? Maybe it is just a fancy word or something that has real meaning to the technology world.
A database can be broken down into two parts ‘data’ and ‘base’. Every raw fact or any piece of information that you collect about any particular thing is called data. And the place where you might store or hide your collected information is called a database, to put it in simpler words, all the storage devices that hold any information that you feed to it is called a database.
Now how does web hosting is linked to databases, let us find out? When you visit any website don’t you wonder when you enter all your details where do they go? It is not a dream world where your information would be just floating around. All of these details are stored into a database which is linked to the main homepage on the front end through computer programming. If a website is not dynamic it may not need a database but every website that is active or dynamic does require a database for hosting. Today we count the best picks for open source databases for web hosting. There are almost uncountable open source databases that are present online which can be used. But all that glitters is not gold. One might have a slight edge over the other whereas some may not even be on the list anywhere. It is of paramount importance that you know everything through.
Here are the open-source databases for web hosting:
MySQL: Most of the people nowadays are comfortable in using SQL commands for database web applications as well as for database software. SQL queries are easy to write as well as execute. Even a beginner can write the basic SQL commands. The MySQL database was almost invincible as it had no limitations and could work on any platform namely windows, Linux, and Mac but nothing ever is perfect. There is a security flaw that was found in the MySQL database. During web hosting, the MySQL database faced some serious issues in the process of file transfer between the client host and the database. There were claims that files could be lost during web hosting via a tool that goes by the name Adminer, during the hosting of web applications. Except for this hiccup, the MySQL database is a choice worth making.
Oracle: Oracle is a multi-model based database with an integrated backend solution. Where MySQL is perfect for projects that are small scale oracle is mainly used when larger projects come into action. But oracle is also bound to some of the limitations. Though it can work on Linux and window, it does not work on Mac operating systems and also requires at least 1 GB of RAM and 11 GB of the database with 1 CPU. Sometimes these issues become a little too much when it comes to choosing the web hosting applications. But despite all these facts, oracle is not that difficult and one becomes adaptive to the environment within a few days of use. It is also available in the cloud version.
Altibase: Altibase is a high-performance relation open-source database that works on Linux platforms exclusively. It has now been into existence for over 20 years serving 625 global clients, a few amongst them being fortune 500 companies. It is an in-memory database and a disk-resident database at the same time. It is used for heavy load business applications only. Being a relational database it is mostly slow and not scalable. By not being scalable it cannot hold up multiple queries easily and result in speed loss while performing operations or hosting any web application. It might be an open-source database but it is not cheap it is very expensive. Many other databases work free and take a load equal to Altibase.
Firebird: Firebird is another open-source database in the list that would solve your web hosting problems in a blink of an eye. This open-source database works across possibly all platforms such as Linux, windows, and mac. You can use SQL commands or input queries in C and C++. But the drawback that comes in firebird in terms of the platform is that no cloud version is available for this one. it has a multigenerational architecture and also supports OLTP AND OLAP transactions. with features like real-time processing, simple SQL queries make it one of the best open-source database. Here are many features that come in other databases but you would not find in firebird such as integrated replication support, integration with other databases, and also temporary tables which kind of makes firebird a no-win deal. Firebird can work on many platforms but does not offer a smooth working on windows. Many other databases offer better functionality.
MongoDB: MongoDB is considered one of the most popular databases these days. With most of the databases being SQL driven MongoDB brings something else o the plate. MongoDB is a no SQL based database which works on JSON like document along with operational schemas. MongoDB is taking the technology world by the rage with features like replication of data, specific search, and a range query. These all are something that SQL databases lack these days. Every database must satisfy the ACID conditions those are – atomicity, consistency, isolation, and durability. These properties promise smooth functioning with sufficient storage. All of these ACID properties are satisfied by MongoDB 2004 released version. There is an Achilles heel for MongoDB it cannot execute multi-object transactions because it only executes ACID properties and those do not allow transactions for more than a single object. MongoDB is something new and not all people are well-versed with it but they can still opt-in for this.
MariaDB: MariaDB is another open-source relational database and it is also compatible with MySQL. Not many people know about MariaDB but it has come to action in recent years only. MariaDB can work in almost any programming language you could dream of naming C, C++, python to be a few amongst them it is used for web hosting applications and banking services also. It is popular because it uses a standard query language that many people are already comfortable using and also provides Galera cluster technology. it is also a cross-platform technology. It is highly scalable with easy integration. It is an easy replacement for SQL. But these were only promises made in the past and MariaDB is no longer compatible with MySQL. It is also very slow and can be a real frustrating activity for many users. It becomes very slow because there is a bloating of data. when a large amount of data is fed to a database it sometimes cannot execute the functions that it is supposed to which become the main causes of lagging and slow performance. MariaDB is not the best open source database to go for.
PostgreSQL: PostgreSQL is by far the most advanced open-source database that someone might come across. It is popularly known as posture and works on the mixed principles of a relational database as well as MySQL. Postgre works on ACID transactions alongside materialized triggers, foreign keys, and also stored procedures. It was designed to handle great workloads from the data warehouse but soon began to shine over the web hosting applications with e-commerce in particular. It is also the default database for the macOS server and also efficient in working cross platforms like Linux and windows. A little disgrace to this master database is that many open source apps do support MySQL but fail to do so for PostgreSQL. Any changes that may be required for better working require a lot of time and effort than MySQL as the main focus for posture is compatibility instead of speed, so whereas the performance goes it is slower than MySQL.
These were our picks for the most efficient open-source database for web hosting. Make a wise decision and choose the best database for your needs as the words by Edwards Deming “without data you are just a person with an opinion” so always keep your data safe and secure.